Ways of enhancing personal appearance

  1. Taking proper care of the body
  2. wearing clean and appropriate clothes
  3. keeping the hair neat and well groomed.
  4. using jewelry and accessories properly.


Parts of the dermis

  1. Blood capillaries
  2. Seat glands
  3. Nerve ending
  4. Sebaceous glands


Reasons for carrying out first aid

  1. To save life
  2. To prevent the situation from worsening
  3. To reduce pain
  4. To promote recovery.


Accidents that can happen at school

  1. Nose bleeding –choking- cuts
  2. Poisoning – Bruises – Suffocation.
  3. Sprains – Scalds – Shock


Advantages of living in a bungalow

  1. Convenient for families with young children, elderly, and physically challenged since all rooms are on the same floor.
  2. Cheap to build and easier to extend.
  3. Offer more privacy to the family than maisonettes.
  4. It is easier to keep the compound clean.
  5. Household pests are limited.


The disadvantage of renting a house.

  1. The house may not meet the family’s needs
  2. It is expensive in the long run
  3. Low-quality building materials may be used


Factors influence the cleaning of home of a home

  1. Occupants age of people staying in a house.
  2. Weather
  3. Time available.
  4. Materials and equipments available.


Food lifting tools made of materials

  1. Fish slice
  2. Drainage spoon
  3. Serving fork
  4. Food tongs


Reasons why woolens must be dried flat

  1. To prevent them pulling out of shape
  2. Its weak when wet than when dry.
  3. To prevent felting caused by the leaf of the sun
  4. They tend to speed up the drying process.


Functions of the following parts of the sewing machine

  • Spool holder/pin
    • To hold thread while stitching
    • To hold the reel of thread during stitching
  • Feed dog
    • To control movement of the fabric during sewing
  • Balance wheel
    • To balance the movement of the machines during stitching
    • Start and stopping of machine during sewing.

Permanent stitches with appropriate examples

  1. Joining Stitches – Running, Back, over sewing,
    machine sago ting
  2. Neatening stitches – Loop, buttonhole, over
    casting, zigzag over lock.
  3. Decorate/ Embroidery- Chain, stem, frenchnote, shell, pin
  4. Define environmental hygiene (1mk)
  5. Keeping and maintaining high standard of cleanliness around
    our environment through proper sanitation refuse disposal, avoidance of
    pollutants and proper drainage.


Drainage of poor sanitation

  1. Encourages breeding of disease causing organisms
  2. Contamination of water and food
  3. It results in an unsightly environment


Ways for caring for washing machine

  1. Follow manufactures instructions for use and maintenance
  2. Never overload the machine
  3. Wipe the machine every time after use
  4. Remove clothes from the machine as soon as the washing time
    is over.
  5. After washing and drying is over leave the door open to air
    the interior and remove odours


Factors which affect the efficiency of the laundry soap

  1. Temperature of water
  2. Amount of soap
  3. Builders used
  4. Hardness or softness of water
  5. Washing time
  6. Degree of soilage


Ways of providing variety in a meal

  1. Color
  2. Texture
  3. Flavor
  4. Shape
  5. Presentation


Two benefits of breastfeeding to the mother

  1. Enables the child and mother to bond
  2. Assist the mother’s uterus to return to its
    normal size and position.
  3. Reduces breast engorgement
  4. It’s a natural method of family planning


Arranging flowers

  1. Line arrangement
  2. Mass arrangement
  3. Line and mass arrangement
  4. Miniature arrangement


Qualities of good lighting

  1. Should give sufficient light for the task being done
  2. Should net cast shadows on working areas.
  3. Should not cause a glare
  4. Should be appropriate and of good quality
  5. Should not have a big contrast with the background.
  6. Should not cause eye strain


Washing/cleaning of plastic table

  1. Wash in hot ½ soapy ½ water to remove
    fixed dirt ½
  2. Use a soft ½ cloth or sponge to prevent
    scratching ½
  3. Rinse ½ thoroughly in hot ½ water to
    remove traces of soap ½
  4. Dry ½ completely and sub or buff with a soft
    cloth ½ to shine ½
  5. Store appropriately ½


Laundering acrylic socks

  1. Soak ½ in cold ½ water for a short
  2. Wash ½ in warm soapy ½ water
  3. Using kneading and squeezing method ½
  4. Rinse ½ thoroughly ½ in warm water
  5. Give final rinse ½ in cold water ½ to
  6. Add fabric conditioner ½ in the final rinsing
  7. Drip dry ½ under a shade and secure with pegs
    ½ by the toes ½
  8. Press ½ using a warm ½ iron
  9. Air ½ to dry completely
  10. Store ½ appropriately


Cleaning a plain wooden chopping board.

  1. Clean with warm soapy ½ water and a scoring
    ½ pad to
  2. Scrap ½ the surface
  3. Rinse ½ thoroughly in warm water ½
  4. Give a final rinse ½ in cold water ½
  5. Wipe ½ with  a dry cloth
  6. Leave in a warm airy place ½ to dry completely
  7. Store appropriately ½


Factors to consider when choosing a method of controlling

  1. Effect desired
  2. Type of fabric
  3. Type of garment
  4. Part of garment
  5. Style of garment


Uses of fruits in cookery

  1. Making of juices
  2. As a dessert i.e fruit salad
  3. As a filling for a dessert with a cake or pastry base
  4. For making jams, jellies/ marmalade
  5. Enriching cake mixture and porridge
  6. For flavoring
  7. For making sauces
  8. As an accompaniment to dishes e.g chicken Maryland


Ways of an advertisement for potatoes

  1. Person to person
  2. Use of posters that can be put up at places.
  3. Point of sale e.g boot sale
  4. Use of radio in the local stations


Ways of minimizing Covid-19 in schools

  1. Wash hands regularly with soap and water
  2. Wear a mask correctly
  3. Keep rooms well ventilated
  4. Do not hug or shake hands
  5. Avoid overcrowded places


Reasons why teenage girls can become anorexic peer pressure
to be slim.

  1. Parents neglecting to advice youth on proper nutrition
  2. Poor role model especially from the fashion industry
  3. Desire to join modeling
  4. Low self esteem
  5. Depression which reduces a person’s


Points to consider when introducing new foods to an

  1. New foods should be introduced gradually
  2. Start by giving small amounts at first with a spoon.
  3. Do not force the baby to eat food that he/she dislike
  4. Feed from a cup using a spoon
  5. The first food should be soft
  6. Ensure all feeding utensils are thoroughly sterilized by
  7. Give Food after breastfeeding
  8. Prepare the food in a hygienic environment so that the food
    is not contaminated


Uses of facing in garment construction

  1. To neaten raw edges
  2. To decorate the garment
  3. To provide enough thickness for attaching fasteners
  4. To shape and give body where applied


Similarities between French seam and double stitches seam

  1. In both are strong seams thus can withstand frequent washing
  2. In both they raw edges of the seams are enclosed
  3. In both they are supposed to be flat and free from bubble
  4. In both there are two rows of stitching


Ways of conserving charcoal when cooking

  1. Light when you are about to cook
  2. Use a sufuria that fits well
  3. Cover the food with a well fitting lid while cooking
  4. Close the door of the jiko when cook
  5. Put off when not in use


Ways of incorporating air into floor mixture

  1. Sieving
  2. Creaming
  3. Beating
  4. Whisking
  5. Rubbing in
  6. Folding


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