Land Reclamation and Irrigation Farming in Kenya: Methods, Challenges, and Benefits
The “Land Reclamation and Irrigation Farming in Kenya” notes provide comprehensive insights into the processes of land reclamation and rehabilitation in the country. The document explores various topics, including the definition of land reclamation and rehabilitation, the significance of irrigation farming, and the methods used for land reclamation and rehabilitation in Kenya.
One of the highlights of the notes is the in-depth study of irrigation schemes such as Mwea-Tebere and Perkerra. The reader gains a thorough understanding of the factors that influenced the location of these schemes, their importance, and the challenges faced in carrying out irrigation farming in Kenya. The content highlights the problems experienced in irrigation farming, ranging from pest infestations to waterborne diseases and siltation in canals. Additionally, it covers the control methods for pests like the tsetse fly, including bush clearing, spraying, and the use of traps.
The notes also delve into the impacts of floods in Kenya and the ways to control them. It discusses the rivers that cause large-scale flooding and the detrimental effects floods have on people, including displacement, disruption of transportation and communication systems, and crop loss. The methods for flood control, such as dam construction, dykes, diversion channels, and vegetation planting, are thoroughly explained.
Furthermore, the document touches upon the Lambwe Valley project, which aims to develop land for both livestock and agricultural production while controlling the tsetse fly population and treating cases of sleeping sickness. The methods used for tsetse fly control, such as clearing bushes, sterilizing male flies, and spraying with insecticides, are detailed.
Overall, these notes provide a comprehensive overview of land reclamation, irrigation farming, flood control, and tsetse fly control in Kenya. The content is well-organized and covers a wide range of topics related to the theme. It serves as a valuable resource for students, researchers, and anyone interested in understanding the methods, challenges, and benefits associated with land reclamation and irrigation farming in Kenya.