Explain the reasons why Africans were defeated in the maji maji rebellion.
- They used crude weapons. These were no match to the sophisticated weapons of the Germans.
- The magic water did not work as anticipated leading to many deaths.
- There was disunity among Africans which made them disorganized in attacks.
- The Germans got reinforcements from Germany. They also got them from their colonies in other parts of Africa.
- Africans were weakened by natural calamities e.g. famine, diseases, and drought.
- There was lack of coordination among African leaders e.g. lack of military commanders to command them centrally.
- The Germans had better trained soldiers and well-armed with sophisticated weapons.
- Africans were easily demoralized when their leaders were arrested and hanged. Publicly e.g Kinjetikile Ngware.
- The Germans used destructive methods like scorched earth policy.
- Major African communities were left out the rebellion e.g. the Hehe and the Nyamwezi.