State five factors that led to the growth of a strong Buganda Kingdom in the 19th century. (5mks)
- Buganda was small and compact hence it was easy to govern.
- Good, strong and capable rulers who were able to unite their people.
- She had a strong army for defence and conquest which was loyal to the king.
- She had acquired a lot of wealth from the areas she conquered e.g. ivory, slaves.
- The Ganda traditions which had defined duties for men and women.
- The area had fertile soil and ample rainfall ideal for cultivation especially bananas, the staple crop for the people.
- Participation in the long distance trade where she acquired firearms which the Kabaka used to remain in power.
- Buganda lay next to Lake Victoria hence had good communication and natural defence against her neighbours.
- Decline of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom.
- Had a centralized government led by a king (Kabaka).